Common street names: Amidone, Chocolate Chip Cookies, Fizzies, Maria, Pastora, Salvia, Street Methadone, and Wafer.
Methadone is a synthetic (man-made) narcotic. German scientists synthesized methadone during World War II because of a shortage of morphine. Methadone was introduced into the United States in 1947 as an analgesic (Dolophinel). Methadone is available as a tablet, disc, oral solution, or injectable liquid.
Methodone can be swallowed or injected. Abuse of methadone can lead to psychological dependence. When an individual uses methadone, he/she may experience physical symptoms like sweating, itchy skin, or sleepiness. Individuals who abuse methadone risk becoming tolerant of and physically dependent on the drug. When use is stopped, individuals may experience withdrawal symptoms including anxiety, muscle tremors, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps.
Overdose of methadone can cause slow and shallow breathing, blue fingernails and lips, stomach spasms, clammy skin, convulsions, weak pulse, coma, and possible death. Although chemically unlike morphine or heroin, methadone produces many of the same effects. Methadone is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. While it may legally be used under a doctor’s supervision, its non-medical use is illegal.